Ks State In Us

Ks State In Us Kansas, Topeka, Russland, Demokratie, Freiheit

Kansas (engl. Aussprache Zum Anhören bitte klicken! Abspielen [ˈkʰænzəs]) ist ein im Kansas hat den Beinamen Sunflower State (Sonnenblumenstaat). Seit dieser Zeit versuchte die US-Regierung, Indianer in Land westlich des. Topeka ist die Hauptstadt des US-Bundesstaates Kansas und County Seat des Shawnee Nachdem Topeka zur Hauptstadt bestimmt worden war, wurde mit dem Bau des Kansas State Capitol begonnen. Während des Amerikanischen​. Kansas ist ein US-Bundesstaat im Mittleren Westens der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Kansas in United perake-inger.se Flagge. Kansas state perake-inger.se Bei einer Führung durch das erbaute Kansas State Capitol könnt ihr die Binnenstaat liegt, wurden drei Schiffe der US-Marine nach der Stadt benannt. US-Präsidenten Dwight D. Eisenhower. Manhattan, Heimat der Kansas State University, liegt in den Flint Hills – ein Landstrich, in dem sich zwischen den.

Ks State In Us

Das gegründete Manhattan ist Sitz der Kansas State University, einer der bekannteren Universitäten der US, die die Stadt prägt. Sehenswert ist auch das. Jetzt die Vektorgrafik Kansas State Capitol Topeka United States Of America herunterladen. Und durchsuchen Sie die Bibliothek von iStock mit lizenzfreier. He was first elected in Election results. General election. [hide]U.S. Senate, Kansas General Election,

The U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of U. Wikimedia list article. See also: List of states and territories of the United States.

December 9, Retrieved March 12, Washington, D. January 1, A new and complete statistical gazetteer of the United States of America.

Colton and Company. Retrieved February 26, Retrieved January 7, NSG Standards Registry. Retrieved February 6, GMA News.

October 28, Retrieved March 17, January 9, May 28, Archived from the original on July 5, Retrieved April 21, Accessed January 21, United States Postal Service.

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It is your responsibility to ensure that communications via internet email are virus free. Western Kansas is as sunny as parts of California and Arizona.

Kansas is prone to severe weather, especially in the spring and the early-summer. Despite the frequent sunshine throughout much of the state, due to its location at a climatic boundary prone to intrusions of multiple air masses, the state is vulnerable to strong and severe thunderstorms.

Some of these storms become supercell thunderstorms; these can produce some tornadoes , occasionally those of EF3 strength or higher.

Kansas averages more than 50 tornadoes annually. Furthermore, these storms can even bring in flash flooding and damaging straight line winds.

Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 44, people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 65, people.

The population density of Kansas is The focus on labor-efficient grain -based agriculture—such as a large wheat farm that requires only one or a few people with large machinery to operate, rather than a vegetable farm that requires many people—is causing the de-population of rural areas across Kansas.

According to the United States Census , the racial makeup of the population was:. Ethnically As of , the population included , foreign-born 5.

Mexicans are present in the southwest and make up nearly half the population in certain counties. As of , English is the most-spoken language in Kansas, with Religion in Kansas [48].

The Pew Religious Landscape Survey showed the religious makeup of adults in Kansas was as follows: [48]. Kansas's capital Topeka is sometimes cited as the home of Pentecostalism as it was the site of Charles Fox Parham 's Bethel Bible College , where glossolalia was first claimed as the evidence of a spiritual experience referred to as the baptism of the Holy Spirit in They have sometimes successfully raised lawsuits against the city of Topeka.

Known as rural flight , the last few decades have been marked by a migratory pattern out of the countryside into cities.

In Kansas alone, there are more than 6, ghost towns and dwindling communities, [51] according to one Kansas historian, Daniel C.

At the same time, some of the communities in Johnson County metropolitan Kansas City are among the fastest-growing in the country.

Kansas has incorporated cities. By state statute, cities are divided into three classes as determined by the population obtained "by any census of enumeration".

A city of the third class has a population of less than 5,, but cities reaching a population of more than 2, may be certified as a city of the second class.

The second class is limited to cities with a population of less than 25,, and upon reaching a population of more than 15,, they may be certified as a city of the first class.

First and second class cities are independent of any township and are not included within the township's territory.

Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

The northeastern portion of the state, extending from the eastern border to Junction City and from the Nebraska border to south of Johnson County is home to more than 1.

Overland Park , a young city incorporated in , has the largest population and the largest land area in the county.

It is home to Johnson County Community College and the corporate campus of Sprint Nextel , the largest private employer in the metro area.

In , the city was ranked as the sixth best place to live in America; the neighboring city of Olathe was 13th. Olathe is the county seat and home to Johnson County Executive Airport.

The cities of Olathe, Shawnee , De Soto and Gardner have some of the state's fastest growing populations. Among cities with at least one thousand residents, Mission Hills has the highest median income in the state.

Several institutions of higher education are located in Northeast Kansas including Baker University the oldest university in the state, founded in and affiliated with the United Methodist Church in Baldwin City, Benedictine College sponsored by St.

Benedict's Abbey and Mount St. Scholastica Monastery and formed from the merger of St. Benedict's College and Mount St. Less than an hour's drive to the west, Lawrence is home to the University of Kansas , the largest public university in the state, and Haskell Indian Nations University.

To the north, Kansas City , with the second largest land area in the state, contains a number of diverse ethnic neighborhoods.

Further up the Missouri River , the city of Lansing is the home of the state's first maximum-security prison. Historic Leavenworth , founded in , was the first incorporated city in Kansas.

The city of Atchison was an early commercial center in the state and is well known as the birthplace of Amelia Earhart. To the west, nearly a quarter million people reside in the Topeka metropolitan area.

Built at a Kansas River crossing along the old Oregon Trail , this historic city has several nationally registered historic places. Further westward along Interstate 70 and the Kansas River is Junction City with its historic limestone and brick buildings and nearby Fort Riley , well known as the home to the U.

A short distance away, the city of Manhattan is home to Kansas State University , the second-largest public university in the state and the nation's oldest land-grant university, dating back to South of the campus, Aggieville dates back to and is the state's oldest shopping district of its kind.

In south-central Kansas, the Wichita metropolitan area is home to more than , people. Wichita's population growth has grown by double digits and the surrounding suburbs are among the fastest growing cities in the state.

Wichita was one of the first cities to add the city commissioner and city manager in their form of government. Up river the Arkansas River from Wichita is the city of Hutchinson.

The city was built on one of the world's largest salt deposits, and it has the world's largest and longest wheat elevator.

North of Wichita along Interstate is the city of Newton , the former western terminal of the Santa Fe Railroad and trailhead for the famed Chisholm Trail.

The city of Udall was the site of the deadliest tornado in Kansas on May 25, ; it killed 80 people in and near the city.

Located midway between Kansas City, Topeka, and Wichita in the heart of the Bluestem Region of the Flint Hills , the city of Emporia has several nationally registered historic places and is the home of Emporia State University , well known for its Teachers College.

It was also the home of newspaper man William Allen White. Southeast Kansas has a unique history with a number of nationally registered historic places in this coal-mining region.

The neighboring city of Frontenac in was the site of the worst mine disaster in the state in which an underground explosion killed 47 miners.

Along with the restored fort, historic Fort Scott has a national cemetery designated by President Lincoln in Salina is the largest city in central and north-central Kansas.

South of Salina is the small city of Lindsborg with its numerous Dala horses. Much of the architecture and decor of this town has a distinctly Swedish style.

To the east along Interstate 70 , the historic city of Abilene was formerly a trailhead for the Chisholm Trail and was the boyhood home of President Dwight D.

Eisenhower , and is the site of his Presidential Library and the tombs of the former President, First Lady and son who died in infancy. Westward along the Interstate, the city of Russell , traditionally the beginning of sparsely-populated northwest Kansas, was the base of former U.

Senator Bob Dole and the boyhood home of U. Senator Arlen Specter. The city of Hays is home to Fort Hays State University and the Sternberg Museum of Natural History, and is the largest city in the northwest with a population of around 20, Dodge City , famously known for the cattle drive days of the late 19th century, was built along the old Santa Fe Trail route.

The city of Liberal is located along the southern Santa Fe Trail route. The first wind farm in the state was built east of Montezuma.

Garden City has the Lee Richardson Zoo. In , a short-lived secessionist movement advocated the secession of several counties in southwest Kansas.

Total Employment of the metropolitan areas in the State of Kansas by total Non-farm Employment in [66]. Total Number of employer establishments in 74, [68].

As of , there were 59, farms in Kansas, 86 0. By far, the most significant agricultural crop in the state is wheat. Eastern Kansas is part of the Grain Belt , an area of major grain production in the central United States.

The industrial outputs are transportation equipment, commercial and private aircraft, food processing, publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, and mining.

Kansas is ranked eighth in US petroleum production. Production has experienced a steady, natural decline as it becomes increasingly difficult to extract oil over time.

Since oil prices bottomed in , oil production in Kansas has remained fairly constant, with an average monthly rate of about 2.

The recent higher prices have made carbon dioxide sequestration and other oil recovery techniques more economical.

Kansas is also ranked eighth in US natural gas production. Production has steadily declined since the mids with the gradual depletion of the Hugoton Natural Gas Field —the state's largest field which extends into Oklahoma and Texas.

In , slower declines in the Hugoton gas fields and increased coalbed methane production contributed to a smaller overall decline.

The state's economy is also heavily influenced by the aerospace industry. Boeing ended a decades-long history of manufacturing in Kansas between and Telephone company Embarq formerly had its national headquarters in Overland Park before its acquisition by CenturyTel in , and still employs several hundred people in Gardner.

Approximately 25, active duty soldiers and airmen are stationed at these bases which also employ approximately 8, civilian DoD employees.

The US Army Reserve also has the st Expeditionary Sustainment Command headquartered in Wichita that serves reservists and their units from around the region.

The Smoky Hill Weapons Range, a detachment of the Intelligence Wing, is one of the largest and busiest bombing ranges in the nation.

Many of those airfields live on today as municipal airports. Tax is collected by the Kansas Department of Revenue.

Some increase in debt was expected as the state continues with its year Comprehensive Transportation Program enacted in In , Kansas had three income brackets for income tax calculation, ranging from 3.

The state sales tax in Kansas is 6. Various cities and counties in Kansas have an additional local sales tax. Except during the recession March—November , when monthly sales tax collections were flat, collections have trended higher as the economy has grown and two rate increases have been enacted.

The state sales tax is a combined destination-based tax, meaning a single tax is applied that includes state, county, and local taxes, and the rate is based on where the consumer takes possession of the goods or services.

Thanks to the destination structure and the numerous local special taxing districts, Kansas has separate sales tax rates ranging from 6.

All sales tax collected is remitted to the state department of revenue, and local taxes are then distributed to the various taxing agencies. As of June , Moody's Investors Service ranked the state 14th for net tax-supported debt per capita.

As a percentage of personal income, it was at 3. The state has a statutory requirement to maintain cash reserves of at least 7.

During his campaign for the election, Governor Sam Brownback called for a complete "phase out of Kansas's income tax". He made cuts to education and some state services to offset lost revenue.

From to , , businesses were considered to be pass-through income entities and benefited from the tax exemption. The tax reform "encouraged tens of thousands of Kansans to claim their wages and salaries as income from a business rather than from employment.

The economic growth that Brownback anticipated never materialized. He argued that it was because of "low wheat and oil prices and a downturn in aircraft sales".

Only 26 percent of Kansas voters approved of his job performance, compared to 65 percent who said they did not. In February , a bi-partisan coalition presented a bill that would repeal the pass-through income exemption, the "most important provisions of Brownback's overhaul", and raise taxes to make up for the budget shortfall.

Brownback vetoed the bill but "45 GOP legislators had voted in favor of the increase, while 40 voted to uphold the governor's veto. Spur routes serve as connections between the two major routes.

I , a north—south route, connects I at Wichita to I at Salina. I , a southwest—northeast route, connects I at Emporia to I at Topeka.

I and portions of I and I make up the Kansas Turnpike. I is a beltway around the Kansas City metropolitan area while I bypasses through Kansas City.

Kansas also has the country's third largest state highway system after Texas and California. This is because of the high number of counties and county seats and their intertwining.

Weather and road condition information is updated every 15 minutes. Eisenhower National Airport , located along US on the western edge of the city.

For those in the far western part of the state, Denver International Airport is a popular option. Plans call for shortening the route to Los Angeles to Albuquerque.

Thruway buses would replace the train on the route between Albuquerque and Dodge City, where train service east to Chicago would resume.

Executive branch : The executive branch consists of one officer and five elected officers. The governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket.

The attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer, and state insurance commissioner are each elected separately.

Legislative branch : The bicameral Kansas Legislature consists of the Kansas House of Representatives , with members serving two-year terms, and the Kansas Senate , with 40 members serving four-year terms.

Judicial branch : The judicial branch of the state government is headed by the Kansas Supreme Court. The court has seven judges.

A vacancy is filled by the Governor picking one of three nominees selected by the nine-member Kansas Supreme Court Nominating Commission.

The board consists of five Kansas lawyers elected by other Kansas lawyers and four members selected by the governor. Since the midth century, Kansas has remained one of the most socially conservative states in the nation.

The s brought the defeat of prominent Democrats, including Dan Glickman , and the Kansas State Board of Education 's decision to eliminate evolution from the state teaching standards, a decision that was later reversed.

The next year, the state passed a law setting a minimum age for marriage at 15 years. Kansas has a history of many firsts in legislative initiatives—it was the first state to institute a system of workers' compensation and to regulate the securities industry Kansas also permitted women's suffrage in , almost a decade before the federal constitution was amended to require it.

Constitution in The council—manager government model was adopted by many larger Kansas cities in the years following World War I while many American cities were being run by political machines or organized crime , notably the Pendergast Machine in neighboring Kansas City, Missouri.

Kansas was also at the center of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka , a Supreme Court decision that banned racially segregated schools throughout the U.

Dewey in and , respectively. Kansas also supported Dewey in despite the presence of incumbent president Harry S. Johnson in In , Governor Kathleen Sebelius vetoed permits for the construction of new coal-fired energy plants in Kansas, saying: "We know that greenhouse gases contribute to climate change.

As an agricultural state, Kansas is particularly vulnerable. Therefore, reducing pollutants benefits our state not only in the short term—but also for generations of Kansans to come.

In , Sam Brownback was elected governor with 63 percent of the state vote. He was sworn in as governor in , Kansas's first Republican governor in eight years.

Brownback had established himself as a conservative member of the U. Hundreds rallied against the decision.

Historically, Kansas has been strongly Republican, dating from the Antebellum age when the Republican Party was created out of the movement opposing the extension of slavery into Kansas Territory.

Kansas has not elected a Democrat to the U. Senate since the election, when Franklin D. Roosevelt won his first term as President in the wake of the Great Depression.

This is the longest Senate losing streak for either party in a single state. Senator Sam Brownback was a candidate for the Republican party nomination for President in Brownback was not a candidate for re-election to a third full term in , but he was elected Governor in that year's general election.

Moran defeated Tiahrt for the Republican nomination for Brownback's seat in the August primary, then won a landslide general election victory over Democrat Lisa Johnston.

In , George W. The only two counties to support Democrat John Kerry in that election were Wyandotte , which contains Kansas City , and Douglas , home to the University of Kansas , located in Lawrence.

Abilene was the boyhood home to Republican president Dwight D. Eisenhower , and he maintained lifelong ties to family and friends there. The New York Times reported in September that as the Democratic candidate for Senator has tried to drop out of the race, independent Greg Orman has attracted enough bipartisan support to seriously challenge the reelection bid of Republican Pat Roberts:.

The legal drinking age in Kansas is Although the sale of cereal malt beverage also known as 3. The following year the Legislature enacted the Liquor Control Act which created a system of regulating, licensing, and taxing, and the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control ABC was created to enforce the act.

The power to regulate cereal malt beverage remains with the cities and counties. Liquor-by-the-drink did not become legal until passage of an amendment to the state's constitution in and additional legislation the following year.

As of November , Kansas still has 29 dry counties and only 17 counties have passed liquor-by-the-drink with no food sales requirement.

Education in Kansas is governed at the primary and secondary school level by the Kansas State Board of Education. The state's public colleges and universities are supervised by the Kansas Board of Regents.

Twice since the Board of Education has approved changes in the state science curriculum standards that encouraged the teaching of intelligent design.

Both times, the standards were reversed after changes in the composition of the board in the next election.

The rock band Kansas was formed in the state capital of Topeka , the hometown of several of the band's members. Joe Walsh , guitarist for the famous rock band the Eagles , was born in Wichita.

Ks State In Us Video

Top 10 reasons NOT to move to Kansas. Fun Wizard of Oz fact too.

Ks State In Us Inhaltsverzeichnis

Krone Spiele Gratis Wolgast [1]. Zu Beginn des Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Die durchschnittliche Jahresniederschlagsmenge beträgt im Osten des Staates teilweise mehr als Millimeter, durchschnittlich pendelt sie sich jedoch bei ca. Dabei wurden die Dörfer fast dauerhaft bewohnt, gleichzeitig wuchs die Bevölkerung weiter. So entstanden z. Deutschsprecher waren Novoline Norderstedt mit den ersten nicht-indianischen Siedlern nach Kansas gekommen. Dazu gehören z. Soldaten, die aus der Militärbasis Fort Riley Gutschein Toom Baumarkt verschiedene Kriegsschauplätze verlegt wurden, sollen einen Grippe-Erreger Poker Big Blind die Welt getragen haben. Viele Siedler, die bereits in anderen Bundesstaaten gelebt hatten z. Vizepräsident der Vereinigten Staatengeboren. Kansas führte die Todesstrafe wieder ein, aber bis heute Februar gibt Free Casino Signup Bonus noch keine Hinrichtung die letzte fand im Jahre statt. Hier erhältlich. Zwischen und lebten die meisten Bewohner einerseits von der Bisonjagdandererseits kultivierten sie Mais, Kürbis und Bohnen, sammelten aber auch weiterhin Wildfrüchte und Roulette Tricks Verboten. Damit war Kansas auch einer der letzten Bundesstaaten, der das Ende der Prohibition auf Bundesebene erfolgt durch den Um v. Die mitgliederstärksten Religionsgemeinschaften waren im Jahre die Katholische Kirche mit Die Tonverarbeitung wurde deutlich verbessert. Zwischen Auch andere Namen verraten einen deutschsprachigen Hintergrund, so die Russlanddeutschen-Siedlungen Skat Ramsch Gleiche PunktzahlPfeifer und Schoenchen südwestlich von Hays in West-Kansas, Humboldt in Www Comd, das nach Alexander von Humboldt benannt wurde, und Windthorst in Südwest-Kansas, benannt nach dem römisch-katholischen Zentrums When Was Poker Face Released Ludwig Windthorst ein mittlerweile verlassener Ort, dessen katholische Kirche noch besteht. Laura Kelly D. Karte von Kansas. Januar wurde Kansas als Im Zweiten Weltkrieg wurden zahlreiche deutsche Kriegsgefangene in Kriegsgefangenenlager in Kansas interniert.

See also: List of states and territories of the United States. December 9, Retrieved March 12, Washington, D. January 1, A new and complete statistical gazetteer of the United States of America.

Colton and Company. Retrieved February 26, Retrieved January 7, NSG Standards Registry. Retrieved February 6, GMA News. October 28, Retrieved March 17, January 9, May 28, Archived from the original on July 5, Retrieved April 21, Accessed January 21, United States Postal Service.

United States state-related lists. List of states and territories of the United States. Category Commons Portals.

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United States of America. District of Columbia. The state's northeastern corner was subjected to glaciation in the Pleistocene and is covered by glacial drift and loess.

The western two-thirds of the state, lying in the great central plain of the United States, has a generally flat or undulating surface, while the eastern third has many hills and forests.

It is a common misconception that Kansas is the flattest state in the nation—in , a tongue-in-cheek study famously declared the state "flatter than a pancake".

Spring River is located between Riverton and Baxter Springs. Areas under the protection of the National Park Service include: [28].

According to the Köppen climate classification , Kansas's climate can be characterized in terms of three types: it has humid continental, semi-arid steppe, and humid subtropical.

The eastern two-thirds of the state especially the northeastern portion has a humid continental climate , with cool to cold winters and hot, often humid summers.

Most of the precipitation falls during both the summer and the spring. The western third of the state—from roughly the U. Route 83 corridor westward—has a semiarid steppe climate.

Summers are hot, often very hot, and generally less humid. Winters are highly changeable between warm and very cold. The western region receives an average of about 16 inches millimeters of precipitation per year.

Chinook winds in the winter can warm western Kansas all the way into the 80 degrees Fahrenheit 27 degrees Celsius range.

The far south-central and southeastern portions of the state, including the Wichita area, have a humid subtropical climate with hot and humid summers, milder winters, and more precipitation than elsewhere in Kansas.

Some features of all three climates can be found in most of the state, with droughts and changeable weather between dry and humid not uncommon, and both warm and cold spells in the winter.

Temperatures in areas between U. Routes 83 and 81 , as well as the southwestern portion of the state along and south of U. High humidity added to the high temperatures sends the heat index into life-threatening territory, especially in Wichita, Hutchinson , Salina , Russell , Hays , and Great Bend.

Temperatures are often higher in Dodge City , Garden City , and Liberal , but the heat index in those three cities is usually lower than the actual air temperature.

Also, combined with humidity between 85 and 95 percent, dangerous heat indices can be experienced at every hour of the day. Frost-free days range from more than days in the south, to days in the northwest.

Thus, Kansas is the country's ninth or tenth sunniest state, depending on the source. Western Kansas is as sunny as parts of California and Arizona. Kansas is prone to severe weather, especially in the spring and the early-summer.

Despite the frequent sunshine throughout much of the state, due to its location at a climatic boundary prone to intrusions of multiple air masses, the state is vulnerable to strong and severe thunderstorms.

Some of these storms become supercell thunderstorms; these can produce some tornadoes , occasionally those of EF3 strength or higher.

Kansas averages more than 50 tornadoes annually. Furthermore, these storms can even bring in flash flooding and damaging straight line winds. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 44, people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 65, people.

The population density of Kansas is The focus on labor-efficient grain -based agriculture—such as a large wheat farm that requires only one or a few people with large machinery to operate, rather than a vegetable farm that requires many people—is causing the de-population of rural areas across Kansas.

According to the United States Census , the racial makeup of the population was:. Ethnically As of , the population included , foreign-born 5.

Mexicans are present in the southwest and make up nearly half the population in certain counties. As of , English is the most-spoken language in Kansas, with Religion in Kansas [48].

The Pew Religious Landscape Survey showed the religious makeup of adults in Kansas was as follows: [48]. Kansas's capital Topeka is sometimes cited as the home of Pentecostalism as it was the site of Charles Fox Parham 's Bethel Bible College , where glossolalia was first claimed as the evidence of a spiritual experience referred to as the baptism of the Holy Spirit in They have sometimes successfully raised lawsuits against the city of Topeka.

Known as rural flight , the last few decades have been marked by a migratory pattern out of the countryside into cities.

In Kansas alone, there are more than 6, ghost towns and dwindling communities, [51] according to one Kansas historian, Daniel C.

At the same time, some of the communities in Johnson County metropolitan Kansas City are among the fastest-growing in the country. Kansas has incorporated cities.

By state statute, cities are divided into three classes as determined by the population obtained "by any census of enumeration". A city of the third class has a population of less than 5,, but cities reaching a population of more than 2, may be certified as a city of the second class.

The second class is limited to cities with a population of less than 25,, and upon reaching a population of more than 15,, they may be certified as a city of the first class.

First and second class cities are independent of any township and are not included within the township's territory.

Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. The northeastern portion of the state, extending from the eastern border to Junction City and from the Nebraska border to south of Johnson County is home to more than 1.

Overland Park , a young city incorporated in , has the largest population and the largest land area in the county.

It is home to Johnson County Community College and the corporate campus of Sprint Nextel , the largest private employer in the metro area.

In , the city was ranked as the sixth best place to live in America; the neighboring city of Olathe was 13th.

Olathe is the county seat and home to Johnson County Executive Airport. The cities of Olathe, Shawnee , De Soto and Gardner have some of the state's fastest growing populations.

Among cities with at least one thousand residents, Mission Hills has the highest median income in the state.

Several institutions of higher education are located in Northeast Kansas including Baker University the oldest university in the state, founded in and affiliated with the United Methodist Church in Baldwin City, Benedictine College sponsored by St.

Benedict's Abbey and Mount St. Scholastica Monastery and formed from the merger of St. Benedict's College and Mount St.

Less than an hour's drive to the west, Lawrence is home to the University of Kansas , the largest public university in the state, and Haskell Indian Nations University.

To the north, Kansas City , with the second largest land area in the state, contains a number of diverse ethnic neighborhoods. Further up the Missouri River , the city of Lansing is the home of the state's first maximum-security prison.

Historic Leavenworth , founded in , was the first incorporated city in Kansas. The city of Atchison was an early commercial center in the state and is well known as the birthplace of Amelia Earhart.

To the west, nearly a quarter million people reside in the Topeka metropolitan area. Built at a Kansas River crossing along the old Oregon Trail , this historic city has several nationally registered historic places.

Further westward along Interstate 70 and the Kansas River is Junction City with its historic limestone and brick buildings and nearby Fort Riley , well known as the home to the U.

A short distance away, the city of Manhattan is home to Kansas State University , the second-largest public university in the state and the nation's oldest land-grant university, dating back to South of the campus, Aggieville dates back to and is the state's oldest shopping district of its kind.

In south-central Kansas, the Wichita metropolitan area is home to more than , people. Wichita's population growth has grown by double digits and the surrounding suburbs are among the fastest growing cities in the state.

Wichita was one of the first cities to add the city commissioner and city manager in their form of government.

Up river the Arkansas River from Wichita is the city of Hutchinson. The city was built on one of the world's largest salt deposits, and it has the world's largest and longest wheat elevator.

North of Wichita along Interstate is the city of Newton , the former western terminal of the Santa Fe Railroad and trailhead for the famed Chisholm Trail.

The city of Udall was the site of the deadliest tornado in Kansas on May 25, ; it killed 80 people in and near the city. Located midway between Kansas City, Topeka, and Wichita in the heart of the Bluestem Region of the Flint Hills , the city of Emporia has several nationally registered historic places and is the home of Emporia State University , well known for its Teachers College.

It was also the home of newspaper man William Allen White. Southeast Kansas has a unique history with a number of nationally registered historic places in this coal-mining region.

The neighboring city of Frontenac in was the site of the worst mine disaster in the state in which an underground explosion killed 47 miners.

Along with the restored fort, historic Fort Scott has a national cemetery designated by President Lincoln in Salina is the largest city in central and north-central Kansas.

South of Salina is the small city of Lindsborg with its numerous Dala horses. Much of the architecture and decor of this town has a distinctly Swedish style.

To the east along Interstate 70 , the historic city of Abilene was formerly a trailhead for the Chisholm Trail and was the boyhood home of President Dwight D.

Eisenhower , and is the site of his Presidential Library and the tombs of the former President, First Lady and son who died in infancy.

Westward along the Interstate, the city of Russell , traditionally the beginning of sparsely-populated northwest Kansas, was the base of former U.

Senator Bob Dole and the boyhood home of U. Senator Arlen Specter. The city of Hays is home to Fort Hays State University and the Sternberg Museum of Natural History, and is the largest city in the northwest with a population of around 20, Dodge City , famously known for the cattle drive days of the late 19th century, was built along the old Santa Fe Trail route.

The city of Liberal is located along the southern Santa Fe Trail route. The first wind farm in the state was built east of Montezuma. Garden City has the Lee Richardson Zoo.

In , a short-lived secessionist movement advocated the secession of several counties in southwest Kansas. Total Employment of the metropolitan areas in the State of Kansas by total Non-farm Employment in [66].

Total Number of employer establishments in 74, [68]. As of , there were 59, farms in Kansas, 86 0. By far, the most significant agricultural crop in the state is wheat.

Eastern Kansas is part of the Grain Belt , an area of major grain production in the central United States. The industrial outputs are transportation equipment, commercial and private aircraft, food processing, publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, and mining.

Kansas is ranked eighth in US petroleum production. Production has experienced a steady, natural decline as it becomes increasingly difficult to extract oil over time.

Since oil prices bottomed in , oil production in Kansas has remained fairly constant, with an average monthly rate of about 2.

The recent higher prices have made carbon dioxide sequestration and other oil recovery techniques more economical.

Kansas is also ranked eighth in US natural gas production. Production has steadily declined since the mids with the gradual depletion of the Hugoton Natural Gas Field —the state's largest field which extends into Oklahoma and Texas.

In , slower declines in the Hugoton gas fields and increased coalbed methane production contributed to a smaller overall decline.

The state's economy is also heavily influenced by the aerospace industry. Boeing ended a decades-long history of manufacturing in Kansas between and Telephone company Embarq formerly had its national headquarters in Overland Park before its acquisition by CenturyTel in , and still employs several hundred people in Gardner.

Approximately 25, active duty soldiers and airmen are stationed at these bases which also employ approximately 8, civilian DoD employees.

The US Army Reserve also has the st Expeditionary Sustainment Command headquartered in Wichita that serves reservists and their units from around the region.

The Smoky Hill Weapons Range, a detachment of the Intelligence Wing, is one of the largest and busiest bombing ranges in the nation.

Many of those airfields live on today as municipal airports. Tax is collected by the Kansas Department of Revenue. Some increase in debt was expected as the state continues with its year Comprehensive Transportation Program enacted in In , Kansas had three income brackets for income tax calculation, ranging from 3.

The state sales tax in Kansas is 6. Various cities and counties in Kansas have an additional local sales tax. Except during the recession March—November , when monthly sales tax collections were flat, collections have trended higher as the economy has grown and two rate increases have been enacted.

The state sales tax is a combined destination-based tax, meaning a single tax is applied that includes state, county, and local taxes, and the rate is based on where the consumer takes possession of the goods or services.

Thanks to the destination structure and the numerous local special taxing districts, Kansas has separate sales tax rates ranging from 6.

All sales tax collected is remitted to the state department of revenue, and local taxes are then distributed to the various taxing agencies.

As of June , Moody's Investors Service ranked the state 14th for net tax-supported debt per capita. As a percentage of personal income, it was at 3.

The state has a statutory requirement to maintain cash reserves of at least 7. During his campaign for the election, Governor Sam Brownback called for a complete "phase out of Kansas's income tax".

He made cuts to education and some state services to offset lost revenue. From to , , businesses were considered to be pass-through income entities and benefited from the tax exemption.

The tax reform "encouraged tens of thousands of Kansans to claim their wages and salaries as income from a business rather than from employment.

The economic growth that Brownback anticipated never materialized. He argued that it was because of "low wheat and oil prices and a downturn in aircraft sales".

Only 26 percent of Kansas voters approved of his job performance, compared to 65 percent who said they did not.

In February , a bi-partisan coalition presented a bill that would repeal the pass-through income exemption, the "most important provisions of Brownback's overhaul", and raise taxes to make up for the budget shortfall.

Brownback vetoed the bill but "45 GOP legislators had voted in favor of the increase, while 40 voted to uphold the governor's veto. Spur routes serve as connections between the two major routes.

I , a north—south route, connects I at Wichita to I at Salina. I , a southwest—northeast route, connects I at Emporia to I at Topeka. I and portions of I and I make up the Kansas Turnpike.

I is a beltway around the Kansas City metropolitan area while I bypasses through Kansas City. Kansas also has the country's third largest state highway system after Texas and California.

This is because of the high number of counties and county seats and their intertwining. Weather and road condition information is updated every 15 minutes.

Eisenhower National Airport , located along US on the western edge of the city. For those in the far western part of the state, Denver International Airport is a popular option.

Plans call for shortening the route to Los Angeles to Albuquerque. Thruway buses would replace the train on the route between Albuquerque and Dodge City, where train service east to Chicago would resume.

Executive branch : The executive branch consists of one officer and five elected officers. The governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket.

The attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer, and state insurance commissioner are each elected separately. Legislative branch : The bicameral Kansas Legislature consists of the Kansas House of Representatives , with members serving two-year terms, and the Kansas Senate , with 40 members serving four-year terms.

Judicial branch : The judicial branch of the state government is headed by the Kansas Supreme Court. The court has seven judges.

A vacancy is filled by the Governor picking one of three nominees selected by the nine-member Kansas Supreme Court Nominating Commission.

The board consists of five Kansas lawyers elected by other Kansas lawyers and four members selected by the governor. Since the midth century, Kansas has remained one of the most socially conservative states in the nation.

The s brought the defeat of prominent Democrats, including Dan Glickman , and the Kansas State Board of Education 's decision to eliminate evolution from the state teaching standards, a decision that was later reversed.

The next year, the state passed a law setting a minimum age for marriage at 15 years. Kansas has a history of many firsts in legislative initiatives—it was the first state to institute a system of workers' compensation and to regulate the securities industry Kansas also permitted women's suffrage in , almost a decade before the federal constitution was amended to require it.

Constitution in The council—manager government model was adopted by many larger Kansas cities in the years following World War I while many American cities were being run by political machines or organized crime , notably the Pendergast Machine in neighboring Kansas City, Missouri.

Kansas was also at the center of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka , a Supreme Court decision that banned racially segregated schools throughout the U.

Dewey in and , respectively. Kansas also supported Dewey in despite the presence of incumbent president Harry S.

Johnson in In , Governor Kathleen Sebelius vetoed permits for the construction of new coal-fired energy plants in Kansas, saying: "We know that greenhouse gases contribute to climate change.

As an agricultural state, Kansas is particularly vulnerable. Therefore, reducing pollutants benefits our state not only in the short term—but also for generations of Kansans to come.

In , Sam Brownback was elected governor with 63 percent of the state vote. He was sworn in as governor in , Kansas's first Republican governor in eight years.

Brownback had established himself as a conservative member of the U. Hundreds rallied against the decision. Historically, Kansas has been strongly Republican, dating from the Antebellum age when the Republican Party was created out of the movement opposing the extension of slavery into Kansas Territory.

Kansas has not elected a Democrat to the U. Washington D. It is a city inside the District of Columbia a federal district that is not part of any state.

The United States also has sovereignty over 14 other territories. These are not included in this list. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For the article about U. Subsequent states are listed in the order of their admission to the Union, and the date given is the official establishment date set by Act of Congress.

For further details, see List of U. Postal Addressing Standards.

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